Outdoor Product Series

How to correctly choose the IP level of outdoor cabinets

Nov 13, 2023

IP Level: Ensuring Optimal Protection for Outdoor Cabinets

 

Introduction:

In today's fast-paced and interconnected world, outdoor cabinets play a critical role in safeguarding sensitive electronic equipment and infrastructure. These cabinets are exposed to various environmental conditions, including temperature fluctuations, moisture, dust, and potential vandalism. Therefore, it is essential to assess the IP (Ingress Protection) level to ensure optimal protection for outdoor cabinets.

 

IP Level Overview:

The IP rating system is an international standard used to classify the degree of protection provided by enclosures against solid objects and liquids. It consists of two digits; the first one represents solid particle protection, and the second digit indicates liquid ingress protection. For example, an IP65 rating signifies complete protection against dust and water jets.

 

Importance of IP Level for Outdoor Cabinets:

1. Protection against dust and solid particles: Outdoor cabinets are often exposed to dust and airborne particles that can infiltrate equipment and compromise its performance. Selecting a high IP level ensures that the cabinet is effectively sealed, preventing dust from entering and damaging the internal components.

 

2. Resistance to water ingress: Outdoor cabinets are susceptible to rain, high humidity, and water splashes. A higher IP level ensures that the cabinet remains watertight, preventing water penetration and reducing the risk of electrical shorts or corrosion.

 

3. Enhanced durability: Outdoor cabinets with a high IP level are more robust and durable. They can withstand harsh environmental conditions like extreme temperatures, UV radiation, and chemical exposure, ensuring the longevity of the equipment housed within.

 

4. Protection against vandalism and tampering: Outdoor cabinets are vulnerable to vandalism and unauthorized access. Cabinets with higher IP levels often come with additional security features like reinforced doors, tamper-proof locks, and alarm systems, ensuring the safety and integrity of the equipment.

 

Choosing the Appropriate IP Level:

When selecting an IP level for outdoor cabinets, it is crucial to consider the specific environmental conditions and the equipment's requirements. Factors to consider include the cabinet's location, climate, exposure to direct sunlight, and the sensitivity of the equipment to dust and moisture. Consulting with experts or suppliers can help determine the most suitable IP level for the specific application.

 

Conclusion:

 

Ensuring the appropriate IP level for outdoor cabinets is vital to protect sensitive electronic equipment from environmental factors, vandalism, and tampering. By selecting a high IP level, organizations can safeguard their investments, optimize equipment performance, and minimize downtime caused by environmental damage.

 

IP level introduction:

The protection level is usually expressed by IP followed by two numbers, and the numbers are used to clarify the level of protection.

The first digit indicates the device's resistance to fine dust, or the extent to which people are protected from hazards in a sealed environment. Represents the level of preventing the entry of solid foreign objects, the highest level is 6;

The second digit indicates how waterproof the device is. Represents the level of water intrusion prevention, the highest level is 8.

 

The first digit after IP: dustproof level

Number

Protection range

Explanation

0

No protection

No special protection against outside people or objects,

1

Prevent the intrusion of solid foreign

objects with a diameter greater than 50mm

Prevent the human body (such as the palm of your hand) from accidentally coming into contact with the internal parts

of the appliance, and prevent the intrusion of large-sized foreign objects (diameter greater than 50mm),

2

Prevent the intrusion of solid foreign

objects with a diameter greater than 12.5mm

Prevent human fingers from contacting internal parts of electrical appliances and prevent the intrusion of medium-sized foreign objects (diameter greater than 12.5mm),

3

Prevent the intrusion of solid foreign objects with a diameter greater than 2.5mm

Prevent tools, wires and similar small foreign objects with a diameter or thickness greater than 2.5mm from intruding and contacting internal parts of the appliance,

4

Prevent the intrusion of solid foreign

objects with a diameter greater than 1.0mm

Prevent tools, wires and similar small foreign objects with a diameter or thickness greater than 1.0mm from intruding

and contacting internal parts of the appliance,

5

Protect against foreign objects and dust

Completely prevent the intrusion of foreign objects. Although it cannot completely prevent the intrusion of dust, the

amount of dust intrusion will not affect the normal operation of the electrical appliance.

6

Protect against foreign objects and dust

Completely prevent the intrusion of foreign objects and dust.

 

The second digit after IP: waterproof level

Number

Protection range

Explanation

0

No protection

No special protection against water or moisture.

1

Prevent water droplets from immersing

Vertically falling water droplets (such as condensation) will not cause damage to electrical appliances.

2

When tilted at 15 degrees, it can still prevent water droplets from infiltrating

When the appliance is tilted from vertical to 15 degrees, dripping water will not cause damage to the appliance.

3

Prevent spray water from infiltrating

Prevent rain or water sprayed from a direction with an angle less than 60 degrees from the vertical from intruding into

the electrical appliance and causing damage.

4

Protect against splashing water

Prevent water splashing from all directions from intruding into electrical appliances and causing damage.

5

Protect against intrusion from jet water

Protection against low-pressure water spray lasting at least 3 minutes.

6

Prevent large waves from immersing

Protection against heavy water spray lasting at least 3 minutes.

7

Prevent water from immersing during immersion

Resistant to immersion in water up to 1 meter deep for 30 minutes.

8

Prevent water infiltration during sinking

Resistant to the effects of continuous immersion in water with a depth of more than 1 meter. The exact conditions are

specified by the manufacturer for each device.

 

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